Friday, 27 January 2017 17:19

Why Insulin May Actually Worsen your Type 2 Diabetes and Hinder your Weight Loss Efforts

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Canada, like the United States, has seen an astonishingly rapid rise in pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes over the last decade. According to a recent report, more than one-third of Canadian adults are now pre-diabetic.

Researchers caution that this will lead to a massive avalanche of type 2 diabetics in upcoming years, which will have serious consequences for our health care and life expectancy. What's worse, both type 1 and type 2 diabetes among children and teens has also skyrocketed.

These statistics such as these indicate two very important facts. First, it tells us that diabetes cannot be primarily caused by genetics, and secondly, it literally screams that something we're doing is horribly wrong, and we need to deal with it.

In this case, that "something" is a seriously flawed diet and lack of exercise. Conventional medicine has type 2 diabetes pegged as a problem with blood sugar rather than the fundamental problem of improper insulin and leptin signaling. The reality is that diabetes is a disease rooted in insulin resistance and more prominently, a breakdown of leptin signaling, caused by chronically elevated insulin and leptin levels.

This is why the current approach to its treatment is not getting anywhere. Treating type 2 diabetes with insulin is actually one of the worst things you can do and to continue with the seriously flawed nutritional information, only allows the disease to increase to epidemic proportions.

 Metabolic syndrome. As your insulin resistance develops, your liver makes too much sugar and fat, and your skeletal muscles are less able to burn them and create glycogen, which is how glucose is stored in your muscles and liver. Sequentially, there is an increase in sugar and fats in your bloodstream which leads to high triglyceride levels and increased body fat--especially abdominal fat, and higher blood pressure.

Having 3 or more of a group of symptoms, produced by insulin (and now we also know leptin) resistance -- high triglycerides, low HDL, higher blood glucose and blood pressure, and increased belly fat—is referred to as metabolic syndrome (in the past it was called Syndrome X).

New Kid on the Block: Type 3 Diabetes, or 'Brain Diabetes,' May Be Responsible for Alzheimer's Disease and Glaucoma

Current research suggests there's a prevailing connection between your diet and your risk of both Alzheimer's disease and glaucoma, through the same pathways that cause type 2 diabetes. Alzheimer's disease was tentatively nicknamed "type 3 diabetes" in early 2005 when researchers learned that the pancreas is not the only organ that produces insulin. Your brain also produces insulin, and this brain insulin is necessary for the survival of your brain cells.

A drop in insulin production in your brain may add to the deterioration of your brain cells, and studies have found that people with lower levels of insulin and insulin receptors in their brain often have Alzheimer's disease. Your brain does not need glucose, and actually functions better burning alternative fuels, especially ketones.

Insulin is actually a "master multitasker" that assists with neuron glucose uptake, and the regulation of neurotransmitters, like acetylcholine, which are vital for memory and learning.

Root Causes of Insulin Resistance, Pre-Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome, and Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes entails the failure of insulin and leptin sensitivity. This makes it easily preventable and nearly 100 percent reversible without drugs. One of the driving forces behind type 2 diabetes is excessive dietary fructose, which has adverse effects on all of the metabolic hormones—including two key players: insulin and leptin. Fructose, fruit sugar and high fructose corn syrup, is much more readily metabolized to fat in the liver than glucose, and in the process can also lead to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Foods naturally rich in fructose include agave, honey, molasses, dried fruits such as dates and raisins, fruits like grapes, fruit juices (apple juice), sauces (ketchup, barbecue sauce), salad dressings (French dressing), energy and cereal bars, breakfast cereals (all-bran cereal), sugar drinks like colas, and pickles. Glucose also comes from starches like potatoes, our bodies produce it and every cell on earth has glucose in it. Glucose is a molecule absolutely vital to life.

Fructose, however, is not. Humans don’t produce fructose and throughout evolutionary history have never consumed it except seasonally when fruits were ripe.

Glucose and fructose are metabolized very differently by the body. Keeping in mind that most fruits are half glucose and half fructose, consuming over 100 grams of sugar from fruits every day can become problematic.

The key thing to realize is that while every cell in the body can use glucose, the liver is the only organ that can metabolize fructose in significant amounts. When people eat a diet that is high in calories and high in fructose, the liver gets overloaded and starts turning the fructose into fat.

There is no question in my mind that regularly consuming more than 25 grams of fructose per day will dramatically increase your risk of insulin/leptin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and chronic diseases, including obesity, type 2 diabetes, cancer, heart disease, arthritis, and Alzheimer's. It's important to realize that even though fructose is relatively "low glycemic" on the front end, it actually reduces the receptor's affinity for insulin, leading to chronic insulin resistance and elevated blood sugar. So, while you may not notice a steep increase in blood sugar immediately following fructose consumption, it is likely changing your entire endocrine system's ability to function properly.

Another major cause of type 2 diabetes is the consumption of the vast amount of glucose coming from the high carbohydrate diet. All carbohydrates that are not fiber will be quickly metabolized into sugar, and it makes little sense to eat large amounts of sugar to keep your blood sugar lower.

The mistaken belief of the cause of diabetes may be the biggest problem. Conventional medicine portrays diabetes as a disease typified by elevated blood sugar. This "dysregulation of blood sugar control" is typically explained as "an inability of your body to produce enough insulin." To control diabetes with that analysis, it would make sense to prescribe insulin or drugs that raise insulin to counteract the elevated blood sugar. The reality, however, is that type 2 diabetes is NOT the result of insufficient insulin production. It's actually the result of too much insulin being produced on a chronic basis primarily from eating the high carbohydrate and low-fat diet.

This overwhelms and "deafens" your insulin receptors, therefore the use of the term "insulin resistance." It's the chronically elevated insulin levels that make your body "resistant" to understanding the signals sent by the insulin. This also occurs with leptin. You do not need more insulin. You need to restore the sensitivity of your insulin and leptin receptors by keeping their levels low!

If you can't get your head around why taking insulin is a terrible choice in type 2 diabetes consider this; when your blood sugar becomes elevated, insulin is released to direct the extra energy (sugar) into storage. A small amount is stored as a starch called glycogen, but the majority is stored as fat. Therefore, insulin's primary role is not to lower your blood sugar, but rather to store this extra energy as fat for future needs when food may not be available. The fact that insulin lowers your blood sugar is merely a "side effect" of this energy storage process. Taking more insulin just makes you fatter!

Your body's cells become desensitized to insulin, leptin, and other hormones, by being overexposed to these hormones—be it by eating food that causes excessive secretion, or by injection. Diabetes treatments that concentrate merely on lowering blood sugar by adding insulin, therefore, tend to worsen rather than help with the actual problem of metabolic miscommunication.

Leptin is another hormone that plays a vital role in the development of type 2 diabetes.  I will discuss this often ignored key player in my blog post. 

Last modified on Friday, 27 January 2017 18:12
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